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Chuvash Republic

The Chuvash Republic is situated in the east of the East European Plain, between the Sura and the Sviyaga, tributaries of the Volga. The republic has the area of 18,300 sq. km; its population amounted as of the beginning of 2009 to 1.2 million, 57% of which resided in towns and cities.

The administrative centre of the Chuvash Republic is the city of Cheboksary with 441 thousand inhabitants. It is situated in the Moscow time zone (GMT+3), 600 kilometers away from Moscow (in a straight line). In 2002, Cheboksary was recognized the town with the best amenities in Russia.

Chuvashia has a temperate continental climate; the average temperature of January is —130, the average temperature of July is +190.

Two specially protected natural territories are situated in the territory of the republic: the Chavash Varmane national park and the Prisurskiy reserve. The reserve, established in 1995, consists of 3 plots in the Alatyrskiy, Yalchikskiy and Batyrevskiy districts and has the total area of 9.1 thousand hectares. Initially, it was established to protect forests and swamps, and also for waterfowl and such animals as desmans. At the very end of winter, on February 26, the Marmot Day is celebrated in the reserve. Hunting hazel-grouses, black grouses and wild boars is permitted in the territory of the reserve.

The Chavash Varmane park is 25 times larger than the Prisurskiy reserve; it is famous for its fir-woods and woods of black alder, oak and other trees. Ecological routes have been developed in the park, on which excursions are organized on a regular basis, accompanied with instructors who teach the guests careful treatment of the nature and tell them about the history and the special features of the local flora and fauna.

The Military Valour Museum works in Cheboksary, where documents and photographs, personal belongings and letters of soldiers of the World War Two are exhibited, and interiors of a field military hospital, an earth-house, and a village soviet of people’s deputies are represented. You should in any event visit the Cheboksary Cove, where the beauty of nature is combined with the refinement of historical buildings. In the centre of Cheboksary, Vvedenskiy Cathedral, included into the UNESCO catalogue of cultural monuments, is situated. Another church, which is especially popular with students in the days of exams, is Church of Michael the Archangel, where the icon titled «O Pribavlenii Uma» («On Building Up Intellect») is kept. In the course of the excursion over Cheboksary, you may visit the old city, where streets with historical buildings, monasteries, churches and merchants’ houses have survived. At the end of the excursion, you may visit the Narodnye Promysly (Folk Trades) workshop and buy there Chuvash ethnic embroidery and articles made of rods, birch bark and the like. And, naturally, no tourist leaves Cheboksary without a photo of the Mat’ Pokrovitelnitsa (Mother Protectress) monument, which is the city’s unofficial symbol.

Besides Cheboksary, such towns as Alatyr, Mariinskiy Posad, Tsivilsk and Yadrin are also popular with the tourists; monuments of history and culture have survived there, such as Vvedenskiy Cathedral (the 17th century), Holy Trinity Friary (the 16th century), the Salt Office, and houses of prominent merchants.

At the end of winter, the Urmay Motsy festival of Tatar and Chuvash songs is held in Cheboksary.

For more detailed information on the republic, please refer to Internet resources of governmental authorities of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.

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