The Republic of Adygea was founded on July 27, 1922 as Adyghe (Cherkess) Autonomous Oblast. As a subject of the Russian Federation it is a part of the Southern Federal District with the area of 7 600 sq. km and 444 000 population. The territory of the Republic borders Krasnodar Krai. The climate is moderately warm and mild, the January average —2C and the July average +22C.
The capital city is Maykop inhabited by 153 500 citizens with 54% living in towns and cities. Maykop is 1255 km far from Moscow and is in the same time zone.
Maykop is located in the north foothills of the Caucasus Ridge on the right bank of the Belaya River (the Kuban River tributary). The city name originates from an Adyghe word «Myequape» that is translated as «a settlement in the mouth of a river, flowing through the valley of apple trees». It was established in 1857 as a fortress and already in 1870 Maykop turned from a village into the main district town. The National Museum of the Republic of Adygea in Maykop possesses unique archaeological and ethnographic collections. Also the city has a branch of the State Museum of Oriental Art.
Here you would also find a balneary and a Maykop spring of mineral water rich with Iodine and Bromine that is intended for treating pancreatic diabetes, adiposity, gout as well as chronic gastritis with normal and hypersecretion of stomach.
The picturesque Lago-Maki plateau in the capital vicinity is a unique place where you would find all wonders of the Caucasus — coves, snow covered mountain summits, rich alpine meadows, vast steppe, secular forests, mountain rivers with waterfalls and quiet lakes. Narrow impassable gorges adjoin spacious hollows between mountains. On the northern slope of Mount Fisht you would find the largest glacier — Bolshoy Fishtinsky — and 13 karst ponds that filled cup-like hollows made by the glacier. Next to the area you would see canyons of the Tsitsa River «boiling» with whirlpools and trees in blossom right behind it.
Most of the mountains of the Republic of Adygea are located on Lago-Naki plateau that stretches from the north to the south and from the west to the east for over 40 km. This is a common place for walking and mountain hiking, mountaineering and rock-climbing. Winter tourism and mountain skiing is now rapidly developing on Lago-Naki plateau territory.
Lago-Naki plateau is also known for a health resort that is located on the River Kurdzhips bank and thus carriers its name. It specializes on treating the cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal apparatus, digestion system, nervous system and many other disorders. Visitors could spend their leisure time walking, riding a horse or a bicycle around the plateau. Extreme sports followers could go rafting. There is also a health improvement camp «Gornyi Kluch» (Mountain Spring) in Maykop District.
Among other attractions of the Republic is the Belaya River canyon «Shum» that is also called as the Hadzhokskaya Gorge, where you could go on fascinating and unforgettable night walks; the Granite canyon and the Guamskoe Gorge, on the slopes of which you could see relic box-trees and yew-trees (4 km of Memzay settlement); the Rufabgo waterfalls; the Michael-Athos monastery founded in 1878; Azishskie karst caves, located in the southern part of the Azish-Tau Range on 1 400 elevation above sea level (210 km from the region center). The caves are very picturesque and there is a guided tour through its passages and halls.
Not far from a mountain settlement of Guzerpil you could see the biggest dolmen of the Republic. Moreover every spring Guzerpil hosts an international water rally.
The Republic of Adygea is also the land of the «Scythian gold». It is here — just outside Ulyap village (formerly Ulsky village) — that precious adornments from Scythian burial mounds were discovered.
For more detailed information on the Republic, please refer to Internet resources of governmental authorities of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.