Krasnodar Territory was founded on September 13, 1937. Its territory is 75 500 sq. km populated by 5 141 800 citizens. The capital city is Krasnodar (historically Ekaterinodar) located on the border with the Republic of Adygea and populated by 710 700 citizens. Krasnodar is 1350 km far from Moscow. Krasnodar Territory is a part of the Southern Federal District of the Russian Federation and borders with Rostov Oblast, Stavropol Territory, the Karachay-Cherkess Republic, the Republic of Adygea and Abkhazia (to enter the latter you would need a passport). Krasnodar Territory has a sea border with Crimea (the UTerritoryne).
The climate of the larger part of Krasnodar Territory is moderately continental and subtropical along the Black Sea shore. Average January temperature 0C in mountains falling to —5C on flatlands, July average is +13C up to +24C respectively.
Ekaterinodar was founded in 1793 as a fortress by the Black Sea (former Zaporozhian) Cossacks that were resettled to Kuban at the end of the XVIII century. In 1860 Ekaterinodar became the administrative centre of Kuban province and less than in ten years received a city status. One of the main attractions of Krasnodar and a sort of a tourist trademark is the Katherine the Great Monument, since the city was called in the name of the famous Tsarina. Many streets keep their pre-Revolution names to this day. Among architectural sights the most distinguished are the building of the Art Museum, St. George’s Church and the former tenement building of Baron L.V. Shteigel.
First of all Krasnodar Territory is famous for its Black Sea resorts — hundreds of kilometers of beaches for all tastes. Vacation here is a good combination of recreation with therapeutic treatment by local mineral waters (Matsesta) and peloids.
Anapa that has been the preferred place for family recreation with kids and a climatic and balneal resort of the federal importance truly deserves to be among the first three leaders among Russian resorts. Health resorts, recreation centres, kids’ camps and a multitude of private hotels with quality service provide a wide choice range for recreation. Festivals, night clubs, discos, bars and restaurants, a stadium, a yacht club, bowling clubs with billiards — all this you would find here as a guest. Keen historians would be attracted by an open-air museum «Gorgippia», which is a vast excavation site of an ancient Greek town. Anapa was built on the place of an ancient Sindi settlement — an antique town of Sindica or Sindica harbor. After joining the Bosporan Kingdom (5 cent. B.C. — III cent. A.D.) the city was named Gorgippia after the ruler Gorgippe. In the XIV century the city was made a Genoese colony called «Mapa» that was later captured by the Turks in 1475. By the arrival of the Russians in the late XVIII century the settlement had an Adyghe name of Anapa that it keeps to this day. Here you would also be offered tours to Temryuk and Abrau-Dyurso and kids would enjoy a Dolphinarium.
In Sochi you should visit a unique nook of Russian Black Sea territories — the «Yew and Boxwood Grove» Reserve. As you enter it you would find yourself in an ancient Kolchis forest where you could see yews and white beeches and where boxwood forms constant impassable massifs. Moss-grown secular trees are entangles in lianas and among them you would find the oldest yew that is two thousands years old. Deep inside the Reserve there are ruins of an ancient fortress dd. XI-XII centuries and the entrance into the yew and boxwood grove you would find the Museum of the Western Caucasus Flora and Fauna.
The Great Akhun Mountain, the Great Akhun Waterfalls, Stalin’s dacha, the Dendrarium, dolmens, the Monkey Nursery, a Trout farm make a short list of the places of attraction you could see in Sochi. You would be offered a number of excursions to Abkhazia attractions. Besides that the city hosts annual international billiards club championships, international bicycle races, the All-Russia mountain bike championship and other events, including festivals for kids like «Magic of Dance», «Junior Kinotavr» and «Fairytale magic».
The Vorontsovskie caves that can be reached from Sochi are popular among cavers. One more attraction for keen speleologists would be one of the deepest karst caves in Russia — Nazarovskaya — 500 meters deep, which is located in the upper Khosta River of Krasnodar Territory.
Krasnaya Polyana (Red Glade) settlement 39 km far from Sochi is the center of mountain skiing and the place where future Winter Olympics of 2014 will take place. Here you would be able to enjoy slopes of various difficulties, a cable way that would take you up to the Aibga Range summit, horse rides along the mountains, rapid rivers, grand glaciers, crystal clear lakes and a few mountain skiing complexes that are a true present for people who enjoy active recreation. Extreme skiing fanatics could jump into a helicopter that would take you to mountain summits that reach 2238 m height here.
River Mzymta is famous for its rafting routes where you could raft down a real rapid mountain river with experienced instructors. And extreme sports followers could go on a jeep tour up in the mountains.
Recreation opportunities of Krasnodar Territory are rich and diverse, so any visitor would be able to find the way of pastime to his liking.
For more detailed information on the Territory, please refer to Internet resources of governmental authorities of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.