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Omsk Region

The Omsk Region belongs to the Siberian Federal District, its area amounts to 141 100 sq. km, which approximately equals to the area of France. The population is 2 000 000 people, with 69,3 % of them living in urban areas.

The administrative center of the Region s the city of Omsk. The distance from Moscow is 2 200 kilometers.

The main river of the Region is the Irtysh. The relief of the Region is flat, with steppes in the south and wood and marshy taiga in the north. There are a lot of lakes in the Region: Saltaim, Ik and others.

Climate here is extremely continental, with cold and snowy winter (an average temperature in January is —19), dry and hot summer (an average temperature is +19).

7,5 % of the Region is occupied with wildlife and nature sanctuaries. One of the major reserves is that of Bairovsky. The most popular among tourists is a place called place Cheryomukhovyj Island, which is a big hill, entirely covered with bushes of bird cherry and birches. The sanctuary was created with a view of preservation of biodiversity, for protection of rare and vanishing species. The reserve counts 68 lakes which are a habitat for waterfowls, fishes and various fauna.

The Batkovo national archaeological natural park, where the ancient Sargat settlement with a citadel and burial grounds has preserved, is well-known too. This territory also preserved untouched ecosystems presumably corresponding to those which had been here at the time of the Iron Age. Approximately 10 % of the floras make the species included in the Red Book.

Omsk nature reserve called Ptichya Gavan (Bird's Harbour) is considered unique, being the only reserve within city boundaries. The park area amounts to 109 hectares; the main objective of creating it is preservation of birds’ population. Here, despite of city noise, easily live wild terns, bald-coots and 40 other species of birds.

Omsk was founded as a jail in 1627, and became a fortress at the beginning of the 18th century. Unfortunately, many historical buildings of Omsk were destroyed during the Soviet times. One of few architectural monuments which have remained from an old history is the Tobolsk Gate to the Omsk Fortress. Orthodox and Catholic temples of Omsk are basically newly constructed. One of a few preserved is Nikolay Chudotvorets (Saint Nicholas the Wonderworker) Army Cathedral founded in 1833.

It is important to visit the Omsk A.M.Vrubel Painting Museum: one work of Vrubel, unique beyond the Ural Mountains, is kept here, as well as a rich collection of icons, Russian pictures of the 18–20th centuries, works of western painters, a collection of works of Russian avant-guard masters.

If you have come to be in Omsk, you should walk along the Lenin Street, visit the Omsk Fortress about which Dostoevsky wrote in the epilogue to «Crime and Punishment». Out in the Region, one should visit Tatarsky Uval, near the Okunevo village of Muromtsevsky District. This huge archaeological monument, a place where people had permanently lived since the new Stone Age (7-6th millennium B.C.), is also known as a place of a community of Indian Guru Babajee’s pupils who considered that the centre of the Universe is located here.

The Omsk Region is famous for its mineral waters which are prescribed against a variety of diseases. Also local sanatoria offer therapy with use of sapropels, lake adjournments.

Every year hunters come to the Omsk Region: 96 hunting sites are created here. One of the exemplary ones is the Intinissky site. For fans of productive leisure there is a possibility to be engaged in extreme tourism, rafting down the Tara and Shishu rivers.

For more detailed information on the Region, please refer to Internet resources of governmental authorities of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.

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