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Krasnoyarsk Territory

The Krasnoyarsk Territory was constituted in 1934, its area amounts to 2 366 800 sq. km, the population is 2 889 thousand people. The Territory is located in the UTC +7 time zone, that is the difference with Moscow time makes +4 hours. The Territory administrative centre is the city of Krasnoyarsk, which is located 3 500 kilometers to the east of Moscow.

The Territory has an access to two seas: Karsky Sea and Laptev Sea. The main river of the region is the Yenisei; beside that, the Angara, the Mana and other rivers run through the Territory. There is a huge number of lakes in the Territory: 323 000 big lakes, and incalculable quantity of small lakes.

Climate is extremely continental, with strong fluctuations of temperatures. There are three climatic zones in the Territory: moderate, Arctic and subarctic. In the central part summer is short and hot, winter is long and cold. Climate in the south of the Territory is warmer. In the north, an average temperature in January is —36, in July +10. In the south, an average temperature in January is —18, in July +20. Snow lays down in the beginning of November and stays in average till March.

Nature fans should visit the «Shushensky» nature reserve, which was until recently known under the name «V.I. Lenin's Siberian exile». Its area amounts to 47 000 hectares, in the area of the reserve grow rare plants, including especially protected kinds: bulbous calypso, helmeted orchis, feather grass. The fauna includes 290 kinds of the vertebrata. Expositions in the funds of the reserve are dedicated to history and ethnography; those are subjects of material culture, exhibitions on history of the Siberian peasantry.

Make sure you visit Vivi Lake — it is the geographical centre of Russia, which is confirmed by the Federal Geodesy and Cartography Service of Russia.

The Tungussky State Natural Reserve is one of the new nature protection, research and eco-educational establishments. Its area amounts to 296 562 hectares, and, of course, among all the places of the district, the most visited place is the interstream area of the Hushma and Kimchu rivers, where in 1908 the Tunguska Meteor event happened. Active scientific work on a solution of the Meteor Mystery is carried on in this region until now, but despite it, an access to the place is open to tourists. There are three ecological routes here, one of which repeats that of the pioneer of the meteorite downfall place. Beside that, the reserve includes other interesting sites: a crater of a Mesozoic volcano, a hill chain named the Lakursky Ridge, falls of the Churgim stream. Access to the reserve area is carried out by helicopter; the program of routes includes river rafting.

In Krasnoyarsk, besides the traditional Museum of Regional Studies, which is interesting in any region, one should visit the St. Nikolay Steamship Museum which belonged to the industrialist I.M. Sibiryakov, and was, at the time, considered the fastest flyboat on the Yenisei. Now, the wardroom and other premises have remained on the boat. The vessel hosts regularly exhibitions. One more sightseeing attraction of Krasnoyarsk is the Karaulnaya (Guard) Mountain with the Paraskeva Pyatnitsa Chapel, which is visible from any corner of the city. Below the Chapel there is the gun which makes a single shot each midday.

In the Krasnoyarsk Territory there is a plenty of sights which have remained from an ancient history: for example Big Seigniorial Petroglyphs, where the life of a Scythian settlement is represented; the Kopensky War Stone; the Valley of Tsars, where on a very small area more than 50 big barrows are collected; Tepsej Mountain, sacred for the Khakassian people, on the territory of the Yenisei Gate natural complex. At the Achinsk paleontologic encampment, a permanent exposition is established: tools made of stone plates, «tools with dredging», scrapers, mammoth bones, a calendar. Another encampment of the antiquity is near to Krasnoyarsk hydro-electric power plant (excursions, too, are organized here, and from the bridge over the Yenisei a fantastic view opens).

For more detailed information on the Region, please refer to Internet resources of governmental authorities of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.

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