The Chechen Republic was founded in 1922. The territory is 17 500 sq. km. It borders with the Republic of Ingushetia, the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Stavropol Krai, the Republic of Dagestan and Georgia.
The capital city Grozny is 1499 km far from Moscow and is in the same time zone.
The relief is mountainous in the south and plain in the north. Typical landscape for mountains is broad-leaved forest and alpine meadows on heights exceeding 1800 m. Major rivers are Terek, Sunzha and Argun. Fauna is rather diverse with brown bears, wolves, chamois and badgers and rare bird species. The climate is continental and is characterized by mild winters (-6 to +3C) and hot summers (+20+30C).
The population of the republic is 1 200 000 people about a third of which live in towns and cities. Absolute majority of citizens are Chechen. There are also some Russians, Ingush and other nations. The main religion is Sunni Islam.
The first Russian fortress was erected in the Chechen Republic in 1567 and the first Chechen embassy was established in Moscow in 1588. The Chechen Republic received independence in the XX century.
The Republic is rich with natural resources and cultural attractions. Unfortunately, many of the latter have been destroyed or are located in hardly accessible areas. The Republic has 218 cultural heritage sites, however a part of them has been lost for good.
One of the attractions worth visiting is the Argunsky State Historic-Architectural and Natural Museum-Reserve. It is located in a frontier zone, hence you would require a special permission to visit it. Here you would see 150 settlements of towers that consist of hundreds resident towers and battle towers of different integrity level, about 20 cult constructions and about 150 semi-underground and overground crypts of the X-XV centuries. Guard towers are spread about in such a manner that from the top of one tower you had to be able to see a fire on top of another, thus signals were passed around. These towers were mentioned as early as by chronographers of Genghis Khan. In the flow of their long and troubled history many of the towers have been ruined. There is another point of interest located not far from the Museum. It is a XVI century necropolis called Tsoi-Pede («Abode of Divinity»). The entrance there is guarded by two pillar-like sanctuaries and behind them scattered around you would see overground tombs — crypts.
One of Grozny’s points of interest is the National Museum of the Chechen Republic. It was established in 1996 on the basis of the Chechen State United Museum and the Republic Museum of Fine Arts named after P.Z. Zakharov. The first Museum is proud of 250 000 various exhibits, while the second one has a collection of paintings, graphic arts, sculptures and applied and decorative arts.
In the vicinity of the Republic’s capital you would find settlements of the early Middle Ages «Khankalskoye — 1», «Zakan-Yurtovskoye» and «Yermolovskoye» settlements that date back to the 1 century B.C.
For more detailed information on the Republic, please refer to Internet resources of governmental authorities of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.