The Magadan Region was founded in 1953. Before 1920s Magadan was a place of Yakut tribes. The Region’s history as a part of Russia begins from the arrival of geological survey expeditions in early 1930s. The Region occupies the territory of 462,500 sq km, the three fourth are covered with tundra and forest-tundra. The population of the Region is 226 thousand inhabitants. Along with Russians, Evenkis, Tatars, Koryaks, Ingushes, Itelmens also live in this Region. Indigenous peoples are engaged in agricultural activities.
The administrative center of the Region is the city of Magadan, located 6,755 km away from Moscow (straight-line distance). The Time Zone difference between Magadan and Moscow is +8 hours. The Region includes only 1 urban district, 8 municipal districts, 21 urban settlements and 23 villages.
The Region’s Coat of Arms depicts all key specifics of the Region: extraction of precious stones, marine fertility, and power industry. It is one of several regions where aircrafts represent the main means of transport, for this reason a plane image is also put on the Coat of Arms.
The Climate is severe in the Magadan Region. Winter lasts from 6 to 7.5 months; the average annual temperature is below zero. It’s the northernmost ice-free port of Russian Far Eastern Region, which developed from a settlement founded by geological survey expeditions.
Its places of interest include picturesque bays (Nagaev Bay, Gertner Bay), where you can admire the sea beauty and go fishing. A 15 meter high sculpture «Mask of Sorrow» stands on the top of the Krutaya Hill. It was erected to commemorate the victims of political repression. Another monument was erected to honour Magadan residents-heroes of the World War II and the support area. Amateurs of stones will enjoy visiting the museum «Golden Room» with minerals, ores, gold nuggets and alluvial gold displayed. Other famous museums are the Museum of Geology and Minerals with a copy of the baby mammoth Dima and the largest collection of meteorolites, and the Magadan Region History Museum, founded in 1934 on the basis of the first local history exhibition, where more than 5 thousand masterpieces of painting, graphics, sculpture, decorative and applied arts and a collection of carved and graved bones are exhibited.
Another museum, which can raise interest among amateurs of Soviet history, is the Museum «Kolyma Forced Labour Camps» which was open in Yagodnoe village to commemorate victims of political repressions. In 1991 a Monument in memory of all people who died in Kolyma during the years of repression was erected in the place of the former barrack for the sentenced to death. The Museum «Kolyma Forced Labour Camps» has 4,000 photos of former prisoners, their private things, tools and necessaries, original files, camp newspapers, letters, drawings, and paintings of prisoners, a large library of books about political repressions, war and history of the Magadan Region.
Amateurs of mountain-skiing will find several ski routes in Magadan, near Sokol village (to the north of Magadan) and in the Sunny Valley. Due to poorly developed infrastructure, these routes better meet expectations of fans of extreme, «wild» sports. The Yagodninsky District offers more comfortable conditions for mountain-skiing.
Village Ola is situated 35 km to the north-east of Magadan. This village is famous for the Olsky Local History Museum which exhibits historical, ethnographic and archeological items of the Region, interesting documents and photos. Within 4 km from the village Ola a Stele was erected on the bank of the Nyukla River to indicate the place of landing of the first Kolyma geological expedition headed by Yu. Bilibin. The major sight of the Olsky District is the Magadan Nature Reserve with the total area of 884,000 ha, covered with light coniferous forests. The Reserve fauna is represented by 608 species of plants, 41 species of mammals (bank voles, chipmunks, tree-creepers, blue hares, elks, brown bears, foxes, sables, short-tailed weasels and American minks), 210 species of birds (whooping swans, taiga bean gooses, ptarmigans, rock capercaillies, slaty-backed gulls, pelagic cormorants, sooty guillemots), 2 species of amphibians and 32 species of fish (charrs, bull trouts, white-spotted charrs, graylings). In this the Reserve tourists can see killer whales, minke whales and gray whales in the nearshore waters. The natural monument Mayakan Volcano, which represents an exposed volcanic neck about 2 km long with three lovely lakes attracts many visitors. There are a lot of partial reserves and hunting areas in the territory of Khasynsky, Srednekansky, Susumansky, Olsky and Severo-Evensky Districts. They attract a lot of hunters and fishermen. It’s also possible to go fishing during rafting down the Kolyma River.
Those, who wish to improve their health, can go to the Balneological Resort «Talaya». Mineral waters and mud of this resort are very useful for curing locomotor system diseases, gastrointestinal tract disorders, as well as illnesses of liver, peripheral nervous system, skin diseases and gynecopathy.
The Kolyma Highland stretching over the larger part of the Magadan Region is very popular for tourist routes of various complexities.
Another famous path for tourism on foot starts from the village Sinegorie and runs along the mountain- lake edge of the Great Angachak Rocks, a part of the Kolyma Highland. Major attractions of the Rocks are peaks Aborigen, Stremlenia, Vlastny, Festivalny, and Challenger, valleys Nevedomy, Sibiktelyakha, Vosmiozerny, and Jack London’s Lakes. The Natural Park «Jack London’s Lake» is located on the coast of the Sea of Okhotsk; its area is 883.8 thousand ha. The lake lies at the height of 800 meter above the sea level. It stretches for 10 km in length and 2 km in width, its depth is about 75 m.
For more detailed information on the Region, please refer to Internet resources of governmental authorities of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.