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Khabarovsk Territory

The Khabarovsk Territory was founded in 1938, its total area is 788 600 km². Population of the Khabarovsk Territory is 9 thousand people, 80% among them live in cities.

The capital is the city of Khabarovsk, population is 578,6 thous. people. Linear distance between Khabarovsk and Moscow — 6707 km. The whole Khabarovsk Territory is located in a time zone designated as Vladivostok Time Zone according to international standards. The time difference between the Moscow time and the time zone is +7 hours.

In the Middle Ages the Khabarovsk Territory was populated by the Tungus, the Manchus and the Nivkhs — in China these peoples are called «the Jurchens». Also it was the residence for Aur, Tungus, Natki and Gilyak tribes. Russian reclamation of the Khabarovsk Territory began in the XVII-th century and continued in the XX-th century.

The territory climate changes depending on the sea proximity, southern or northern position and landform. On the average winter period is quite long with rare snowfalls and its very cold, the average temperature is from −22°C in the south and up to −40 °C in the north (temperature absolute minimum even in the south of the Territory reaches −50 °C). Summer is hot and humid, average July temperature in the south is +20 °C, in the north is +15 °C. The best period to visit the Territory is the end of summer while it is still warm and rainless: one may enjoy journey on foot or rafting. Winter is a perfect time for skiing and snowboarding.

The Khabarovsk Territory is the place of European and Asian cultures interaction, a great variety of nature, monuments and ancient history. One can meet traditional culture of native peoples in national villages. A unique archeological monument «Sikachi-Alyansk petroglyphs» with petroglyphic drawing dated as of XIIth century B.C. was opened on the bank of the Amur River that is located in the distance of 75 km from Khabarovsk. Six similar galleries are located in the basin of the Lower Amur and Ussuri rivers: between villages Kedrovo and Sheremetyevo, on the Kiya and Sukpay rivers, in the area of Sikachi-Alyan village, near Kalinovka and next to a former camping-ground May.

Several specialized centers are engaged in tourists visit organization to national villages to meet rituals and way of life of native people: national-cultural center Nikolaevsk-na- Amure, villages Nizhniye Khalby, Troitskoe, Gvasygi. Nanaj ethnography center will arrange ceremonial demonstration (Nanaj wedding, hunters ritual etc.) and national sports. Ceremonial theater of Bulava village, Olcha region; ethnographic complex and museum in the open air «Olcha village» in the territory of Jari village, Nanaj region and also ornamental art museum of Achan village, Amur region.

The Territory is feebly mastered from the touristic point of view; however there are several developed centers where one can find the whole range of touristic services. Comfortable rest houses and bases are concentrated mainly around Khabarovsk and Komsomolsk-on-Amur. The remaining regions of the Territory feature «wild» tourism, hunting, fishing, eco-tourism, rafting (the Anyuy, Tuyun, Akishma and Kopi Rivers are the most tangled and interesting). There are five wildlife refuges in the Territory: Bolshekhekhzirskiy, Komsomolskiy, Dzhugdzhurskiy, Botchinskiy, Bureinskiy; over 300 scheduled natural monuments (rookeries and sea lion meadows on the Nansikan Island in the Sea of Okhotsk, inhabitation and breeding sites of Far East turtle).

Bolshekhekhzirskiy refuge occupies the major part of the Bolshoi Khehzir range and is located between the Ussuri river-valley and the Khabarovsk-Vladivostok railway. There one can see scheduled untouched landscapes, endemic flora and fauna. There are dozens of ecological paths in the refuge.

River scenery and fishing lovers should try rafting on the Amur River where one can find 130 species of fish, and also try fishing on the Mar-Kuel plateau where one can see caves, «disappearing» under the river land.

Hunters will enjoy a variety of wildlife: hoofed and fur animals: trot, black (Himalayan) bear, sable, mink, kolinsky, beaver-rat (hunting tours duration is 6-8 days).

Also there are special tours for butterfly admirers– there are rare and wonderful species in the Khabarovsk Territory (tour duration is 8 days). Spelaean tours are also available.

Khabarovsk is located in the Far East, on the right bank of the Amur River, not far from the Ussuri River fall. The city is located 30 km from Chinese border and is administrative centre of the Khabarovsk Territory.

Khabarovsk was founded in 1858 after signing of treaty on new borders between Russia and China as a military post. Later on a village named Khabarovka was formed around the post. It was named after Russian pathfinder Erofey Pavlovich Khabarov who discovered these places in the 17-th century. It obtained a city status in 1880 and was named Khabarovsk in 1893. Khabarovsk was an important transport and trade center — it featured furs trade, a port was founded here in 1872 and a railroad was laid from Khabarovsk to Vladivostok in 1897. The city had been a center of the Khabarovsk Territory since 1938 and it obtained status of Russian Far East federal district administrative center in 2002.

Khabarovsk occupies 50 km along the Amur River and its quay is considered to be one of the most beautiful places of the city. The center of the quay incorporates a cliff where military post was founded in the second half of the 19-th century. Presently a scenic viewpoint is located on the cliff.

Buildings of the 19-th — beginning of 20-th centuries remained in the Muravyov Amurskiy street, the main street of the city. Here one may see Far East state research library with the book collection over 3 million pieces.

The street leads to the main square of the city which is the place for Saviour Transfiguration Cathedral. It can be seen far from the city area. The first stone of the cathedral was laid in 2001 and presently it is the third highest cathedral among Russian orthodox temples (the first two temples are — Temple of Christ the Savior in Moscow and the Saint Isaac's Cathedral in Petersburg).

Those who are interested in Khabarovsk and the Khabarovsk Territory history must be sure to visit Khabarovsk regional museum named after Nikolay Ivanovich Grodekov and Khabarovsk archeology museum named after A.P. Okladnikov.

It is possible to make a river voyage on a motor ship from Khabarovsk along the Amur River. Also it is possible to make a short visa-free journey from Khabarovsk to China (shop-tour, excursion) — only for organized tourist groups. Chinese border is located 30 km from Khabarovsk, and Sikachi-Alyanа village, being the center of Nanaj culture, is located in the distance of 75 km from the city.

If you are interested in sanative tourism, you may forward to the Olcha region: «Anninsk waters» health resort with balneological medical center is located 120 km from Nikolaevsk-na-Amure. This is the first resort founded in the Far East. Anninsk spring mineral waters are favorable for skin diseases and gynecopathy and locomotor system treatment.

For more detailed information on the Territory, please refer to Internet resources of governmental authorities of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.

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