Moscow Region was established on January 14, 1929; the region is 45 800 km² in area, the population amounts to 6 712. 6 thousand residents.
The region’s capital is Moscow — a megacity populated by 10.5 mln residents which makes it the biggest urban area in Russia and Europe. The region is located in the same time zone as Moscow (Moscow Time Zone). Moscow and Krasnogorsk, Moscow Region are the seats of power of the Russian Federation.
Moscow Region belongs to the Central Federal District of the Russian Federation and shares borders with Tver Region in the north and north-west, Yaroslavl Region in the north, Vladimir Region in the north-east and the east, Ryazan Region in the south-east, Tula Region in the south, Kaluga Region in the south-west and Smolensk Region in the west.
The area’s climate is moderately continental. Average temperature in January is −8°C, average temperature in July is +19°C.
Moscow Region features numerous cultural and historic facilities of various epochs from ancient Slavs to the times of the Great Patriotic War and the Soviet period. It is especially true for Moscow which offers dozens of exciting excursions.
Worth visiting are the old towns of Moscow Region where the remains of ancient citadels («kremlins») are still preserved. The Kolomna Kremlin built in 1525-1531 was one of the most powerful fortresses of its time. The Dmitrov Kremlin is now fully reorganized into a museum in the open air. Exposition viewing starts from the earth wall, a monument of defense architecture of 12 — 16th centuries. Participants of revolutionary Decembrist Movement also relate to Dmitrov lands, a special excursion program is dedicated to their lives and heroism during the Patriotic War of 1812 with Napoleon. The Zaraisk Kremlin has also become a historic, architectural, artistic and archaeological museum. It is the only fully preserved functioning Kremlin of the 16th century in Moscow Region. Diggings excavating an early man site of the Paleolithic age are carried out in the territories of the ancient citadel. The excursion called «A merchant’s portrait» introduces visitors to the genre of provincial portrait of the 19th century and gives an idea of life and interests of Zaraisk merchantry. Department of decorative and applied arts demonstrates rich collections of old-time fabrics, embroidery, lace, textile as well as peasantry and urban wardrobes typical for Ryazan lands in 19th — early 20th century.
Another historic town of Moscow Region is Zvenigorod. The Church of Assumption on Gorodok located in the very center of the town is more than 700 years; as a matter of fact, there are only three similar architectural monuments of early Moscow style preserved until today. St. Savva Storozhevsky Monastery founded in the late 14th century looks like a real fortress; presently, the functioning monastery hosts the historic-architectural and fine arts museum. The town has been recognized as a resort since the 19th century: the woods, the river and mineral water springs as well as the absence of any industrial activities make it an excellent recreational destination for megacity residents.
Moscow Region is famous for its monasteries. Most remarkable are the restored Ascension New-Jerusalem Monastery, Pafnutiev-Borovsky Monastery, St. Savva Storozhevsky Monastery in Zvenigorod, Savior Andronikov Monastery at Kulikovo Field and many others. Since the 18th century, Khotkovsky Intercession Convent has been well-known for its lace and gold cloths. Yet, probably the most sacred place is St. Sergius Holy Trinity Lavra located in Sergiev Posad. The latter together with another historic town — Pereslavl Zalessky, standing by the waters of legendary Nero Lake, form the region’s part of the famous Golden Ring of Russia.
Regional country estates are true pearls of architecture; besides, they represent spiritual heritage of great people of Russia: Abramtsevo, Archangelskoe, Akhtyrka, Boldino, Bolshie Vyazemi, Bykovo, Glinki, Gorenki, Lenin Hills, Konstantinovo, Melikhovo, Ostafievo, Pavlovskaya Sloboda, Petrovo Dalnee, Spasskoe, Filimonovki… and more to come. Those who are interested in Russian literature of the 20th century would be attracted by countryside settlements of Peredelkino and Nikolina Gora.
Moscow lands feature a number of military history monuments: the State Borodino Museum, the Central RF Military Aviation Museum in Monino as well as numerous memorials in the battle fields of the Great Patriotic War of 1941- 1945.
Moscow Region enjoys a plentitude of recreation facilities — vacation hotels, pensions and tourist camps. Conveniently located close to Moscow, all of them are well-equipped and feature excellent infrastructure which suits even the most demanding visitors. In summer, recreational centers of the region would offer quad bikes and sport grounds while in winter tourists might rent a snowmobile or a pair of skis. Paintball, horses, volleyball and basketball grounds, tennis courts, gyms and billiard halls — everything is organizes for the best possible recreation. People preferring more peaceful leisure choose fishing or gathering mushrooms in the woods. Moscow Region is a perfect place for corporate events, family holidays and children’s vacations.
For more detailed information on the Region, please refer to Internet resources of governmental authorities of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.