Lipetsk Region is an administrative unit of the Russian Federation. It is 24.1 thousand km² in area being the 71-th large in Russian and the smallest among the five regions of the Central Black Earth Economic District. The area’s population is 1163 thousand residents (as of January 1, 2009).
Lipetsk Region was formally established on January 6, 1954. It is located in the central part of European Russia, 400 km south of Moscow. The region shares borders with Kursk, Oryol, Tula, Ryazan, Tambov and Voronezh lands.
The region’s climate is moderately continental with mild winters and warm summers. Average temperature in January is −5.2 °C; average July temperature is +19.1 °C.
Administrative center of the region is Lipetsk. It is situated in the Central Black Earth District along the banks of the Voronezh River. The city was founded in the 18th century upon the decree of Peter I. At that time, the area was chosen for the placement of foundry plants and cannons production. Today, Lipetsk is a large industrial center. However, this fact does not prevent it from being a green city sinking in Lombardy poplars.
Sights of the city center include the administration complex ensemble constructed in classic style. The main building’s foreside is decorated by twenty four columns. It’s the most imposing civil construction in the city. Nest to the administrative block is the temple of the Nativity of Christ built in 1791. The temple’s bell tower dominates elegantly over the city. Many tourists are attracted here in search of exciting and informative travelling.
The symbol of Lipetsk is an obelisk striving to the sky. The sign on its bottom says that it is dedicated to the founder of the city — Emperor Peter I.
Nearby is the city park with a pond with a picturesque island in its center. In summertime, fountains add to the beauty of the place. In front of the park, there is a grand ship — a monument reminding of the early times of iron production.
Few people know that Lipetsk is one of the oldest resort destinations in Russia. The resort has been operating since the year 1803 on the basis of local mineral water springs. Since 1871, Lipetsk has been offering mud treatment after irony mud peat was found here in 1867.
Quiet and peaceful Lipetsk knows no fuss or busy traffic. The place is absolutely unique: a hundred years after it was founded as an industrial center, it became a resort. Therefore, mineral water bottles from Lipetsk often picture the obelisk to Peter I, the founder of the area’s industry, on their labels.
In Dankovsk district of the region, in Polibino country estate, there is a unique architectural rarity — the world’s first hyperboloid construction, a wonderful open-work tower made of steel.
The first hyperboloid tower was constructed and patented by engineer Vladimir Shukhov. The tower was presented at the All-Russian Industrial Expo in Nizhny Novgorod on June 9, 1896. The tower was bought by philanthropist Nechaev-Maltsev who placed it in Polibino. Later on, hyperboloid constructions were made by many world-famous architects: Gaudi, Le Corbusier, Oscar Niemeyer and others. Similar open-work towers were built in the 21th century in China (610 m), the Emirates, Spain, Hungary, Great Britain, Czech Republic, Norway and other countries.
In Polibino estate, there is a palace of the 18th century designed by architect Bazhenov in Empire Style and a spacious park spreading from the palace over to the Don shores. This estate was the birthplace of Yury Nechaev-Maltsev, a famous arts patron who donated over one billion dollars for the construction of the Pushkin Fine Arts Museum in Moscow. Before revolution, among the guests of the estate were Lev Tolstoi, Ilya Repin, Ivan Aivazovsky, Konstantin Korovin, Vasily Polenov, Victor Vasnetsov, Ivan Tsvetaev, Alexander Benoir, Olga Knipper-Chekhova and Anna Akhmatova.
Another regional center, the town of Yelets, features numerous monuments of religious and civil architecture, including the Ascension Cathedral (built in 1889 upon the design of architect Konstantin Ton, the author of Moscow Railway Station in St.-Petersburg and St.-Petersburg Station in Moscow as well as Christ the Savior Cathedral in Moscow). Yelets is closely connected with the names of writers Ivan Bunin, Mikhail Prishvin, composer Tikhon Khrennikov and many others.
Pilgrimage center of the region is Zadonsk featuring remarkable church architecture and three functioning monasteries.
Settlement Borki located in Terbunsky district is well-known for Borki Estate, also called Borki Castle. It is the only architectural monument in the region performed in English gothic style in the late XIX century. In the early XX century, the estate belonged to the cousin of Emperor Nicolas II, Prince Andrei Vladimirovich Romanov.
Take a trip to the world of harmony and have a good rest! These wonderful lands are perfect for environmental tourism and exciting travelling!
For more detailed information on the Region, please refer to Internet resources of governmental authorities of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.