Kursk Region is an administrative division of Russia included into the country’s Central Federal District. The region’s territories are 29.8 thousand km² in area; population is 1 183 000 residents. The region was formally established on June 13, 1934. Administrative center of the region is Kursk.
Kursk Region shares borders with Bryansk lands in the north-west, Oryol lands in the north, Lipetsk lands in the north-east, Voronezh lands in the east, Belgorod lands in the south and Ukrainian Sumy Region in the west and south-west.
Kursk Region is located at the south-western border of Russia. Moderate continental climate and the abundance of water resources attract numerous hunters and fishermen as well as environmental tourism lovers. The largest and most affluent local rivers are the Seim (772 km), the Svapa (197 km) and the Tuskar (113 km). Kursk area features over 700 lakes and ponds.
The world-famous natural resource of the region is the world’s biggest magnetic anomaly. The central ore deposit — Mikhailovskoe, contains about 430 000 000 tons of ore.
Ten kilometers away from Kursk, there lies the Central Black Earth State Biospheric National Park named after V.V. Alyokhin. This state-protected area represents a rare example of meadow steppe. The national park is over 5000 hectares in area. The area’s flora comprises 920 species of plants; therefore, scientist Alyokhin called this phenomenon «the Kursk botanic anomaly».
In addition to the abundance of natural resources, the region features numerous cultural and architectural relics attracting travelers and those who prefer intellectual tourism. One of the best-known towns of the region is Rylsk. Scripts mention the town even in pre-Tatar times. The town was founded in the late 10th century on St. John Rylsky’s mount; at those times, it performed the functions of a fortress. Up until now, the mount named after the Bulgarian monk is the highest part of the shore ridge between the rivers Dublyanka and the Seim. Present-day Rylsk looks like a developed merchants’ town of the 17th century. Rylsk is remarkable for the fact that its older part was almost fully preserved until today and does not include later urban developments.
One of the main attractions of the region is the major temple of Rylsk — the Intercession Cathedral. The cathedral is round and cut on three sides with forward-shifted walls. The cathedral has three entrances. The Dormition Cathedral is similar to it in exterior. They say that the two temples were designed by the same master whose name was lost in centuries.
The beauty of these lands will leave no traveler indifferent!
The nature and the history of Kursk Region are presented in the Rylsk Natural History Museum possessing over 30 000 exhibits. A separate hall is dedicated to pictures, sculptures, furniture and other exhibits from Marjino, the former country estate of Prince Baryatinsky. The palace and park ensemble of the former estate now adds elegant beauty to settlement Ivanovskoe near Rylsk. Before Peter the Great granted it to Baryatinsky, the estate had been the property of hetman Mazepa who lost it after his famous betrayal. The three-storey palace contains the unique collection of art works. The trees in the park’s alleys are over one hundred years old. It is decorated by the pond and green lawns interchanged by flower beds. Today, Ivanovskoe hosts one of the best sanatoriums in Russia and became a favorite leisure destination among Rylsk residents and its guests.
In Kursk Region, a number of places connected with famous people’s lives were preserved. Thus, the country estate of Afanasy Fet, a well-known Russian poet, is open for visitors in Vorobjovka, Zolotukhinsky district. Here one still sees an old park with a pond, a two-storey mansion house, and houses for servants and even stables. In Mokva village, next to Count Nelidov’s palace (Nelidov was the governor of Kursk Governorate), there is another high-level sanatorium. The palace is an architectural monument of the early 19th century constructed with the use of six architectural styles of various epochs.
In Kursk Region as well as in the city of Kursk, there is a number of historic monuments dedicated to Kursk tank battle and reflecting other events of the Great Patriotic War. In Ponyri settlement, there is a Memorial complex «The heroes of the northern front of Kursk Arc». At the place of the command post of Kursk battle, there is a military-historic museum «Central Front Command Post». Dmitriev Natural History Museum contains materials on partisan movement of the war period. Besides, the museum offers exhibits connected with peasant uprising headed by Bolotnikov and the revolution of 1905-1907.
Having decided to visit Kursk Region, you will have the opportunity to fully enjoy the unique nature of this area and numerous cultural monuments preserving its rich history. Take a trip to the world of harmony between the nature and the human and have a good rest!
For more detailed information on the Region, please refer to Internet resources of governmental authorities of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.